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White Noise Machines and Sleep Notes

This page contains references and additional information for the post Choosing and Using the Ideal White Noise Machine for Sleep.


1. Michael L. Stanchina et al., “The Influence of White Noise on Sleep in Subjects Exposed to ICU Noise,” Sleep Medicine 6, no. 5 (September 2005): 423–28, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2004.12.004.

2. Pouya Farokhnezhad Afshar et al., “Effect of White Noise on Sleep in Patients Admitted to a Coronary Care,” Journal of Caring Sciences 5, no. 2 (June 1, 2016): 103–9, https://doi.org/10.15171/jcs.2016.011.

3. Tomoyuki Kawada and Shosuke Suzuki, “Sleep Induction Effects of Steady 60dB (A) Pink Noise,” Industrial Health 31, no. 1 (1993): 35–38.

4. A. Spencer et al., “White Noise and Sleep Induction,” Archives of Disease in Childhood 65, no. 1 (1990): 135–137.

5. Sarah C. Hugh et al., “Infant Sleep Machines and Hazardous Sound Pressure Levels,” Pediatrics, March 3, 2014, peds.2013-3617, https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-3617.

6. Edward F. Chang and Michael M. Merzenich, “Environmental Noise Retards Auditory Cortical Development,” Science 300, no. 5618 (2003): 498–502.

7. Suzuki et al., “Sleep Deepening Effect of Steady Pink Noise,” Journal of Sound and Vibration 151, no. 3 (December 22, 1991): 407–14, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-460X(91)90537-T.

8. Tomoyuki Kawada and Shosuke Suzuki, “Change in Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Sleep in Response to Exposure to All-Night Noise and Transient Noise,” Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal 54, no. 5 (September 1, 1999): 336–40, https://doi.org/10.1080/00039899909602497.

9. Barbara Griefahn and Mathias Basner, “Disturbances of Sleep by Noise,” Proceedings of Acoustics, Gold Coast, Australia, 2011.

10. Nelly A. Papalambros et al., “Acoustic Enhancement of Sleep Slow Oscillations and Concomitant Memory Improvement in Older Adults,” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11 (March 8, 2017), https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2017.00109.


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